Category Archives: Allied Organizations

3rd International IPM Conference, Paris, September 2016

paris-ipm2016-conference-logoThe International IPM conference was this year hosted by the spectacular Louvre  in the centre of Paris. The organising committee was made up of museum and cultural heritage professionals from several  prominent institutes in Paris. The conference was a great success, both useful and enjoyable. There were 166 participants from 18 countries, with most European countries represented. 30 papers and 25 posters were presented.

The program covered a wide rage of topics loosely divided into five sessions:louvre

  • IPM strategy in cultural institutions
  • Restoration and construction projects
  • Preventive measures and monitoring
  • Treatments
  • Monitoring

Each session was introduced and then chaired by a different expert in the field. The last session was set aside for discussion and conclusions summarized by David Pinniger. The presentations were stimulating and informative and again highlighted the need for coordination and the importance of communicating.  Different collections have different priorities but there are common factors and the IPM community has accrued a lot of knowledge and experience over the past 20 years which can help those starting out or trying to implement what might seem to be a daunting task. A key message was to prioritise, put in place an IPM policy, strategy and programme and use the tools and experience already available.

One thing found particularly interesting at the poster session and then reiterated in Pasqual Querner’s presentation, is the emergence of the grey silverfish Ctenolepisma longicaudata. It is definitely something to keep an eye open for, as the fact that this seemingly ‘new’ pest has become prevalent enough to be recorded and reported on at this conference by 4 different people suggests that it is a problem. It also confirms Dave Pinniger’s view from the discussion that we need more data and information on new pests as climate change means we may expect to see new species or the spread of existing ones.

European standard NFEN 16790:2016
European standard NF EN 16790:2016

Another important message that was disseminated was the completion and publication of the European standard for integrated pest management (IPM) for the protection of cultural heritage. Lisa Nilsen presented the standard (NF EN 16790:2016) that she and a group of others have been working on for some time. It was really encouraging to hear extracts from it in other presentation and to see that this standard is already being used and followed as the benchmark it was intended.

The posters were set up in the space allocated from lunches, tea and coffee breaks so there was plenty of time to look at the posters and mix with the other participants informally.

The social events were also wonderful. The welcome reception was at the beautiful Hotel de Sully. Built from 1625 near Place Royale (today Place des Vosges), this townhouse was a development commissioned by King Henry IV of France and overseen by Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully (1559-1641). It stayed in the Sully family until the mid-18th century.

The conference banquet was held at La Baleine restaurant, Jardin des Plantes, Museum national d’Histoire naturelle.

At the end of the week there was an opportunity to see behind the scenes at some of the fascinating cultural heritage institutes.

As always with these conferences the social events provide a stimulating opportunity to network with like-minded individuals and provides a catalyst for future collaborations and projects.

The Natural History Museum, London representatives had a chance to exchange experience and draft future collaborations with the IPM Coordinator at the British Museum and relevant IPM specialists from mainland Europe.

A good time was had by all. Many thanks to the organising committee for facilitating such a good conference and the presenters for providing a wealth of information.

Finally, one exciting outcome of the meeting was the news that the next International Heritage IPM conference will be in Stockholm, Sweden in 2019.

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Preventive Care Symposium at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, May 2016

In May 2016, the Collections Care Group at the Metropolitan Museum of Art hosted a symposium focused on Integrated Pest Management. The CCG is an active group that seeks to “increase communication across departments and staff in order to improve our ability to care for the collection.” The May symposium hosted four speakers who shared different experiences and perspectives regarding IPM.

Emily Kaplan – Integrated Pest Management at the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian

Bar codes on traps reduce the time needed for monitoring and tracking pests.
Bar codes on traps reduce the time needed for monitoring and tracking pests.

Emily presented a lot of practical pest management information within the context of the history of the NMAI collection. In the early 2000s much of this collection was moved from a storage facility in the Bronx to a purpose-built research and storage building in Suitland, MD. This move provided many opportunities to improve pest management.

During the pre-move inventory, objects were assessed for past or present pest activity. Objects were treated in a freezer before being moved into their new storage locations. Information about freezers is available here.

The Cultural Resources Center in Suitland was designed with prevention in mind – collections staff provided input regarding the building envelope that resulted in improved doors and practical landscaping. The CRC staff have robust systems of training, monitoring, tracking, and cleaning maintenance. A full-time contractor position includes spending about 50% of the worktime on monitoring and tracking.

Emily stressed that pest management work is always ongoing – especially with collections that include vulnerable materials and that are actively used for research and exhibitions.

A PowerPoint about the IPM program at NMAI is available here.

Louis Sorkin – IPM at AMNH: Past, Present, Future

This carpet beetle is ready for his close-up!
This carpet beetle is ready for his close-up!

Lou’s presentation was quite the eye-opener! The first portion focused on pest management at the American Museum of Natural History. With a long history of pest management work, AMNH staff participated in the founding of the IPM Working Group. Lou described the history and goals of the IPM-WG and gave detailed information about monitoring and tracking. If you haven’t already explored all the resources on the IPM-WG website, consider this your invitation.

He stressed the importance data collection and maintenance so that all the information from monitoring can be used to craft the most effective responses.

The second portion of Lou’s presentation included many dramatic images of insects that are common in the NE United States. He gave detailed information about the lifecycles as well as preferred habitats and food sources for each pest. Fact sheets for many common pests are available here.

More information about IPM at the NMAH is available here.

This carpet beetle is ready for his close-up!
The MMA wood shop makes covers to conceal monitoring traps in galleries.

Eric Breitung – Guidelines and Best Practices for IPM at The Met

Eric brought the discussion home. He talked about the newly-formed IPM Group at the Met, including short-term goals and long-term strategies. One short-term goal is to create reference guides for specific pests. Another goal includes increased IPM training for staff – this symposium marked a strong step in that direction!

The long-term strategy seeks to make IPM efforts more effective and efficient. While each department will continue to monitor their exhibition, storage, and work spaces, there will be increased interdepartmental support. The IPM Group will provide informational and staff resources to assist with routine prevention work as well as emergency responses.

An example of acceptable bugs in the collection. Necklace by Schiaparelli. MMA 2009.300.1234
An example of acceptable bugs in the collection. Necklace by Schiaparelli. MMA 2009.300.1234

Laura Mina – Integrated Pest Management at the Costume Institute: guiding principles and practical solutions.

It’s challenging to write about my own presentation, but it’s available on the IPM-WG website here.

My presentation began with a brief history and overview of Integrated Pest Management. Next, I described the ways in which the Costume Institute staff works to protect our collection from pests. I included a basic action sequence that detailed all the steps taken from an initial sighting through eradication. I concluded by acknowledging that successful IPM is a team effort, and thanking everyone whose work contributes to keeping our collection safe.

After the presentations, there was time for Q&A. The discussion ranged from specific concerns about different materials that are suitable for low temperature treatments (read all about it here) to broader questions about pest management work in museums. I think the symposium provided a very helpful opportunity for staff at the Met to learn more about IPM in general, as well as the current practices and future strategies at our museum.

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